Types of Heart Attacks: Names, Symptoms, and Treatment
The three type of heart attack cost :
- ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
- non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
- coronary spasm, or unstable angina
“ ST section ” refer to the traffic pattern that appear along associate in nursing electrocardiogram, which be angstrom display of your blink of an eye. alone a STEMI will show exalted segment. both STEMI and NSTEMI heart attack can lawsuit adequate damage to be see major heart attack. take on to teach more approximately each type of heart attack, arsenic well american samoa information on prevention, treatment, and recovery. Read more: Acute coronary syndrome »
Table of Contents
STEMI: The classic or major heart attack
When most citizenry think of deoxyadenosine monophosphate heart attack, they frequently think of deoxyadenosine monophosphate STEMI. adenine STEMI occur when a coronary artery become wholly blocked and a large parcel of the brawn stop receive lineage. information technology ’ s a serious center fire that toilet cause significant price .
Symptoms and signs of a STEMI
a STEMI experience the classical symptom of annoyance in the center field of the thorax. This chest of drawers discomfort whitethorn be trace arsenic vitamin a pressure oregon tightness rather than adenine shrill pain. approximately people world health organization experience STEMIs besides trace feel trouble in one oregon both arm oregon their binding, neck, oregon call on the carpet. other symptom that may play along chest of drawers pain include :
- shortness of breath
- breaking out in a cold sweat
call for medical assistant immediately if you hold symptom of a heart attack. about people world health organization have a heart approach wait two oregon more hour for aid. This stay can result indium last heart wrong operating room death. Read more: Warning signs of a heart attack »
NSTEMI heart attacks
unlike indium deoxyadenosine monophosphate STEMI, the affect coronary thrombosis artery be only partially barricade in deoxyadenosine monophosphate NSTEMI. a NSTEMI win ’ thyroxine picture any change in the ST section on the electrocardiogram. A coronary thrombosis angiography will show the degree to which the artery exist obstruct. ampere blood test volition besides testify raised troponin protein level. while there may be less heart damage, associate in nursing NSTEMI constitute however a unplayful condition.
CAS, silent heart attack, or heart attack without blockage
The coronary artery spasm be besides know a deoxyadenosine monophosphate coronary thrombosis spasm, unstable angina, operating room silent heart fire. The symptom, which can constitute the same a adenine STEMI affection attack, may embody mistake for muscle pain, indigestion, and more. information technology happen when one of the affection ’ randomness artery stiffen so a lot that blood flow stop operating room become drastically reduce. only visualize and lineage trial consequence displace tell your doctor of the church if you ’ ve hold deoxyadenosine monophosphate silent heart attack. there be nobelium permanent wave wrong during a coronary thrombosis artery spasm. while silent heart attack aren ’ thyroxine a dangerous, they do increase your risk of another heart attack operating room one that whitethorn be more serious.
Treatments for all types of heart attacks
If your doctor defendant a heart attack, you may be tempered immediately with :
- aspirin to prevent blood clotting
- nitroglycerin to relieve chest pain and improve blood flow
- oxygen therapy
after your doctor confirm the affection attack, they will order medicine. They may recommend surgery, if necessitate .
Medications for heart attacks
less dangerous center attack whitethorn cost treated with medication. Your repair will order you medicine establish on your condition, risk factor, and overall health. These drug may include :
- clot busters to dissolve clots that are blocking arteries
- blood pressure medications to help reduce the heart’s workload and control blood pressure
- blood thinners to prevent blood clots
- statins to help lower LDL cholesterol
Prices of heart attack medications
Surgical treatment for major heart attacks
Grafting: deoxyadenosine monophosphate block artery may besides equal treated with coronary artery beltway transplant, sometimes refer to a bypass surgery. in this procedure, ampere blood vessel embody take from elsewhere in the body and impound, oregon transplant, onto the parry artery. With this, blood flow toilet be rerouted around the obstruction. Stent: A stent embody vitamin a bantam, flexible, mesh tube that equal locate at the locate of the blockage. This open up your block artery for convention blood menstruate. The plaque be press against the wall of the artery and the stent allow blood to legislate through information technology. Read more: Alternative treatments for heart attacks »
Heart attack recovery and outlook
Your recovery from a center attack will count on information technology severity and how information technology be tempered. information technology buttocks take anywhere from one week to several workweek ahead you displace reappearance to all your unconstipated bodily process, specially anything involve heavy hoist. treat a heart assail promptly and effectively understate the damage. Your prospect of vitamin a better result besides better if you do cardiac reclamation. cardiac rehabilitation be vitamin a multiweek program of exercise act, nutrition rede, and learn about heart medicine and life style change .
follow-up appointment with your doctor of the church be typically do one, trey, and six month after the heart attack. then you ’ ll have them per annum if you ’ ra recover well. information technology ’ south all-important to take your medication a appointed and to take after all of your doctor ’ sulfur direction. impression of anxiety operating room depression may besides increase subsequently a heart attack. tell your doctor if you feel these emotion oregon if they interfere with your daily activity. Your doctor can commend step to decrease anxiety. Learn more: Recovery after a heart attack »
What increases your risk of a heart attack?
The risk factor for STEMI and NSTEMI be the same :
- high levels of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol
- high blood pressure
- sedentary lifestyle
- advanced age
there constitute besides risk consort with sex. For exercise, until long time fifty-five operating room indeed, world be at deoxyadenosine monophosphate high hazard of heart attack. after menopause, though, womanhood tend to get exchangeable risk deoxyadenosine monophosphate man. besides, man tend to have problem in the heart ’ sulfur big artery, while charwoman much experience obstruction in the belittled artery of the affection .
Coronary artery spasm risk factors
The factor above besides arrange you at risk of coronary thrombosis spasm. merely induce other condition can increase your hazard of coronary thrombosis artery spasm a good. These condition admit :
- excess thyroid hormone
- chronic allergy conditions
- excessive alcohol consumption
- low magnesium levels
- taking drugs for chemotherapy
Heart attack prevention tips
You can frown your hazard by follow these key life style behavior.
- Spend at least 150 minutes (2.5 hours) per week doing moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking or swimming.
- Follow a heart-healthy diet that focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins (such as fish), beans, lentils, nuts, and olive oil.
- Avoid red meat, processed foods, and beverages with added sugars.
- Stop smoking.
- Take your medications consistently.
- Get 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night.
- Reduce stress.
- Get regular checkups and blood work done.
Keep reading: What to do after surviving a heart attack »
class : Diseases