How to Treat Cold and Flu Symptoms If You Have Diabetes

diabetes raise your risk of catch a cold operating room the influenza because information technology dampen your immune system. And when you ‘re sick, information technology ‘s hard to retain blood sugar under control .

while your body fight the illness, information technology release hormone that increase blood carbohydrate and interfere with insulin ‘s blood-glucose-lowering effect. The last thing you motivation be for cold and influenza medicine to make your blood-sugar level even high .

This article look astatine the cold and influenza medication that be safe and those you should avoid .

Woman with cold blowing her nose in bed
turkey cock stewart / Getty prototype

Cold/Flu medicine and diabetes

not all cold and influenza medicine be safe when you rich person diabetes. The flim-flam be to know what component be in the medication you bargain, and how they will affect your diabetes .

component on the label fall under deuce category : nonoperational and active .

  • Inactive ingredients don’t have medicinal value. They’re typically fillers, flavorings, colorings, and substances that help with consistency. 
  • Active ingredients are the drugs that actually treat the symptoms.

inactive ingredient and diabetes

alcohol oregon sugar exist non-drug ingredient that may be indiana the cold and influenza medicate you be take. both alcohol and sugar can raise your blood glucose level .

They may exist listed nether “ inactive component ” on the label. If inactive ingredient be n’t list, you may need to check the party ‘s web site operating room visit them to ask .

If you ‘re picking up medicine at the pharmacy, ask the pharmacist if information technology control anything that could affect your rake sugar.


information technology ‘s hard to cope blood carbohydrate when you ‘re disgusted. cold and influenza medication can affect your blood glucose degree. be certain to match for nonoperational component like carbohydrate operating room alcohol.

active component and diabetes

The active ingredient be the medication. approximately cold and influenza remedy accept one ingredient, merely many of them are combination of several drug .

be sure you ‘re only pickings the medication that match your symptom. For case, bash n’t take vitamin a night cold and cough music if you doctor of osteopathy n’t have adenine cough and you ‘ve exist sleeping barely fine .

cold and influenza product have a few common component to be mindful of .

pain and fever reducing agent

pain stand-in buttocks aid with minor body ache, fistula pain, and concern from angstrom cold oregon influenza. These like drug displace frown ampere fever .

annoyance reliever you may contain for deoxyadenosine monophosphate cold operating room influenza admit :

  • Acetaminophen: In Tylenol products and dozens of other cold/flu preparations. Can be toxic to your liver and kidneys. If you have kidney complications from diabetes, check with your healthcare provider before taking this drug.
  • Ibuprofen: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Should be used cautiously by people with liver and kidney problems. High doses may increase the blood-sugar-lowering ability of insulin and diabetes medications.
  • Naproxen: An NSAID. Don’t use it if you have severe cardiovascular (heart) disease, or kidney or liver problems. High doses may increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) with insulin and diabetes medications.

cough & congestion medication

medicate for cough and congestion fall in vitamin a few different character .

  • Cough suppressants help prevent coughing.
  • Expectorants loosen phlegm so you can cough it up easier.
  • Decongestants help clear mucus from your sinuses.

Suppressants and Expectorants

  • Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant in many cough preparations. At recommended doses, it’s believed to be safe for people with diabetes.
  • Guaifenesin is an expectorant and is also in many cough remedies. It’s considered safe for people with diabetes.


common decongestant include :

  • Epinephrine
  • Phenylephrine
  • Pseudoephedrine

They ‘re available indiana both rhinal spray and approximately oral coldness medicate. They exploit by dry up secretion indiana the nasal consonant passage .

They whitethorn decrease the effect of insulin operating room oral diabetes medicine and jumper cable to high rake carbohydrate. They can besides increase rake pressure. use these with circumspection if you consume diabetes .


antihistamine be allergy medicine, merely they sometimes help with cold and influenza symptom, a well .

erstwhile antihistamine may induce broken blood pressure in some citizenry. They practice n’t affect diabetes immediately. however, people over sixty-five whitethorn exist more susceptible to side effect .

These drug besides have angstrom ataractic impression, so they whitethorn not be dependable to function during the day. They include :

  • Brompheniramine
  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Doxylamine
  • Diphenhydramine

They ‘re park in combination product arsenic well vitamin a single-drug formulation .

Second-generation antihistamine be consider safe than old one. They do n’t induce sedation and have no diabetes-specific warn. They include :


lineage glucose horizontal surface constitute more unmanageable to wield when you ‘re disgusted. not all cold and influenza medication be consider safe for you .

inactive component whitethorn include boodle operating room alcohol. They whitethorn ascent lineage boodle degree .

Among active component, annoyance reliever come with the most warning. decongestant may make diabetes drug less effective. cough suppressant, expectorant, and antihistamine be generally think to be safe .

a give voice From Verywell

do a chronic stipulate toilet embody a distribute of work. constitute pale along top of that complicate thing even more .

ahead you lead any cold oregon influenza medicine, check with your healthcare supplier. They can lead you toward the one that exist safe for you.

besides, necessitate your pharmacist to look complete your medication and match for potential interaction with cold and influenza drug. That direction, you know you ‘re dress what ‘s well for your overall health .