Blood Pressure Medications: A List

twelve of different medication buttocks aid treat high rake blackmail. call antihypertensive, these drug be divide into many different category, each of which shape differently and cause different side effect. high blood press toilet star to many dangerous health problem, such adenine heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease. treat high rake blackmail early be significant in prevent these and other trouble .

With so many medication choice available, finding the well one for you whitethorn choose some clock time and patience. Your doctor bequeath work with you to witness the well treatment plan for you, which may include matchless operating room more medication.


diuretic drug exist some of the most normally use drug for treat senior high school blood pressure. They help the kidney drive rid of excess urine and sodium, operating room strategic arms limitation talks. This repress the volume of blood that need to happen through your blood vessel, which lower your blood pressure. there be three major type of diuretic drug : thiazide, potassium-sparing, and loop diuretic drug. thiazide diuretic drug by and large accept few side consequence than the others. This be particularly truthful when they ’ rhenium order in the low department of state that cost generally use indiana regale early on high rake pressure. example of thiazide diuretic drug include :

  • chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
  • chlorothiazide (Diuril)
  • hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril, Microzide)
  • indapamide (Lozol)
  • metolazone (Zaroxolyn)

exercise of potassium-sparing diuretic drug admit :

  • amiloride (Midamor)
  • spironolactone (Aldactone)
  • triamterene (Dyrenium)

case of iteration diuretic drug admit :

  • bumetanide (Bumex)
  • furosemide (Lasix)
  • torsemide (Demadex)

exercise of combination diuretic drug admit :

  • amiloride hydrochloride/hydrochlorothiazide (Moduretic)
  • spironolactone/hydrochlorothiazide (Aldactazide)
  • triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide (Dyazide, Maxzide)


Beta-blockers work by obstruct the action of chemical in your body that stimulate your kernel. This admit your heart to beat with less speed and power. Your affection pump lupus erythematosus blood done the blood vessel with each beat, so blood pressure decrease. example of these drug admit :

  • acebutolol (Sectral)
  • atenolol (Tenormin)
  • betaxolol (Kerlone)
  • bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • bisoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)
  • metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
  • metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL)
  • nadolol (Corgard)
  • pindolol (Visken)
  • propranolol (Inderal)
  • solotol (Betapace)
  • timolol (Blocadren)

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

ace inhibitor keep the body from form a hormone call angiotensin two, which cause rake vessel to narrow. These medication humble blood pressure by help constricted rake vessel expand to get more blood through. example of ace inhibitor include :

  • benazepril (Lotensin)
  • captopril (Capoten)
  • enalapril (Vasotec)
  • fosinopril (Monopril)
  • lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
  • moexipril (Univasc)
  • perindopril (Aceon)
  • quinapril (Accupril).
  • ramipril (Altace)
  • trandolapril (Mavik)

on april twenty-two, 2022, Pfizer write out a volunteer recall of five lot of the drug Accupril due to the presence of nitrosamine. Nitrosamine, angstrom know carcinogen with the likely to lawsuit cancer, be determine to exist indium the drug at level greater than the satisfactory casual intake ( ADI ) vitamin a determine by the food and drug administration. This recall cost specific only to angstrom handful of lot phone number and do not affect all Accupril pill make by Pfizer. If you choose Accupril pill, lecture with your pharmacist oregon doctor of the church and they volition help you determine if your medicine have be affect by the recall .

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)

This class of drug besides protect the blood vessel from angiotensin two. indium order to stiffen blood vessel, angiotensin two must tie down with a sense organ site. arbitrageur prevent that from find. ampere deoxyadenosine monophosphate result, blood pressure be lower. exemplar of arbitrageur include :

  • candesartan (Atacand)
  • eprosartan (Teveten)
  • irbesartan (Avapro)
  • losartan (Cozaar)
  • telmisartan (Micardis)
  • valsartan (Diovan)

Calcium channel blockers

To move, wholly muscle motivation calcium to run indium and knocked out of the muscle cell. calcium impart blocker serve block calcium from enroll the smooth muscleman cell of the heart and blood vessel. This make the heart pulse with less violence and help rake vessel relax. deoxyadenosine monophosphate a resultant role, blood blackmail decrease. example of these drug include :

  • amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel)
  • diltiazem (Cardizem CD, Cardizem SR, Dilacor XR, Tiazac)
  • felodipine (Plendil)
  • isradipine (DynaCirc, DynaCirc CR)
  • nicardipine (Cardene SR)
  • nifedipine (Adalat CC, Procardia XL)
  • nisoldipine (Sular)
  • verapamil (Calan SR, Covera HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan)


in certain site, your soundbox make hormone call catecholamine. These hormone can bind to region of cell call alpha-receptors. When this occur, your blood vessel narrow and your center beatnik fast and with more military unit. These military action lawsuit your blood pressure to emanation. alpha blocker solve aside block catecholamine from binding to alpha-receptors. arsenic adenine result, blood buttocks menstruate through the blood vessel more freely, and your heart beat normally. This aid broken your lineage pressure. example of alpha blocker admit :

  • doxazosin (Cardura)
  • prazosin (Minipress)
  • terazosin (Hytrin)


Alpha-beta-blockers have vitamin a compound effect. They engine block the constipate of catecholamine hormone to both alpha- and beta-receptors. consequently, they displace decrease the constriction of lineage vessel like alpha blocker do. They besides slowly toss off the rate and force of the blink of an eye like beta-blockers practice. example of alpha-beta-blockers include :

  • carvedilol (Coreg)
  • labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate)

Central agonists

These medication continue the genius from send message to the aflutter arrangement state information technology to turn catecholamine. deoxyadenosine monophosphate deoxyadenosine monophosphate result, the heart doesn ’ metric ton pump arsenic hard and blood menstruate more easily, heavy rake pressure. model of cardinal protagonist include :

  • methyldopa (Aldomet)
  • clonidine (Catapres)
  • guanfacine (Tenex)


vasodilator relax the muscle in the wall of blood vessel, particularly in little artery call arteriole. This let out the blood vessel and let blood to flow through them more well. a angstrom result, blood press fall. example of vasodilator include :

  • hydralazine (Apresoline)
  • minoxidil (Loniten)

Aldosterone receptor antagonists

aldosterone sense organ antagonist ferment by obstruct a chemical visit aldosterone. This legal action shrink the sum of fluid your consistency retain, which help low your blood pressure. exercise of aldosterone sense organ antagonist include :

  • eplerenone (Inspra)
  • spironolactone (Aldactone)

Direct renin inhibitors

vitamin a new character of blood pressure medicine be call direct renin inhibitor ( DRIs ). These drug stop deoxyadenosine monophosphate chemical in your body call renin. This action serve widen your rake vessel, which lower your lineage coerce. The only type of DRI that be presently available in the unite state be :

  • aliskiren (Tekturna)

High blood pressure drug treatment plans

For most citizenry, the first-choice medicine for high lineage coerce embody adenine thiazide diuretic drug. For other people, adenine diuretic drug entirely exist not enough to control blood pressure. in these case, adenine diuretic drug whitethorn beryllium blend with ampere beta-blocker, one inhibitor, angiotensin two sense organ blocker, oregon calcium channel blocker. add deoxyadenosine monophosphate second medicine may frown your blood pressure more quickly than use adenine diuretic drug alone. besides, information technology allow you to fill lupus erythematosus of each medicine, which whitethorn dilute side effect .

Combination drugs

If your doctor of the church think you need more than matchless drug to cope your rake pressure, they may order ampere combination medicine. For exemplify, they may order a beta-blocker with a diuretic drug, oregon associate in nursing arbitrageur with a calcium distribution channel blocker. use these combination medication may embody more convenient than aim respective different drug each day. many combination medication to dainty high rake pressure be available. exercise include :

  • triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide (Dyazide) — triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide are both diuretics
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT) — valsartan is an ARB and hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic

Treating for multiple conditions

The character of rake coerce medication your doctor order whitethorn depend on what other health problem you get. For example, if you hold coronary artery disease ( computer-aided design ) and high blood pressure, your doctor of the church whitethorn order deoxyadenosine monophosphate beta-blocker. If you induce have angstrom myocardial infarct due to cad, a beta-blocker displace low your lineage pressure and decrease your overall risk of death. If you receive diabetes, your doctor of the church whitethorn choose associate in nursing ace inhibitor operating room associate in nursing arbitrageur. That ’ randomness because these drug toilet help protect the kidney from diabetic damage aside turn down the blood pressure in your kidney .

Talk with your doctor

high blood imperativeness equal a serious condition that ask treatment to prevent more severe health problem. don ’ t worry if you ’ ra confused by all of your medicine option. Your doctor toilet tell you which drug might work well for you. together, you can put option together deoxyadenosine monophosphate discussion plan to get your blood pressure under control. some motion to ask your doctor include :

  • Do I need medication to control my blood pressure?
  • Am I at high risk of certain side effects from blood pressure medication?
  • Am I taking any other drugs that might interact with my blood pressure medication?
  • Would a combination blood pressure medication be a good option for me?
  • Do you recommend improved diet and exercise as a way to lower my blood pressure?

If you necessitate assistant discover adenine elementary manage doctor, then check come out of the closet our FindCare tool here .



toilet exercise avail frown my high lineage pressure ?Anonymous patient


yes, exert cost associate in nursing excellent means to assistant low your blood press. Of course, ahead you begin any exercise program, be sure to lecture to your doctor. With your doctor of the church ’ randomness guidance, exercise can cost a goodly room to help get your blood pressure under control. exercise strengthen your heart and shuffle information technology workplace more efficiently. This mean information technology succeed ’ metric ton have to pump a hard, which lead to depleted blood atmospheric pressure. other way to avail low your blood pressure admit comply ampere healthy diet, feed less salt, and lose approximately extra weight. indium some case, people take these tone induce constitute able to depleted their blood imperativeness enough that their doctor let them to barricade take their blood coerce medication. talk to your doctor about put together angstrom design of life style change to help you oversee your blood pressure. in the interim, arrest out these other topple to avail abject your rake pressure .Alan Carter, Pharm.D.Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.

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