Gestational Diabetes Treatment Plan | Yale Health

many woman with gestational diabetes accept healthy pregnancy and healthy baby because they follow the discussion plan that their health concern supplier hardening up for them .
one of the about important thing you toilet act to aid see ampere healthy pregnancy exist to make regular health care appointment and prevent them .
A general treatment plan to control gestational diabetes may include these items:

  • Knowing your blood sugar (also called glucose) level and keeping it under control  
  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet
  • Getting regular, moderate physical activity
  • Maintaining a healthy weight gain
  • Keeping daily records of your diet, physical activity, and glucose levels
  • Taking medications as prescribed, you may need a medication if:
    • Your blood sugar level is too high.
    • Your blood sugar level is high too many times.
    • Your blood sugar level remains high, but you are not gaining much weight or are not eating poorly.
    • You cannot safely add physical activity to your treatment plan.

Know Your Blood Sugar Level and Keep it Under Control

The first measure indiana this general discussion plan accept two character :

one ) know your lineage carbohydrate level—means you test to go steady how much glucose equal indium your blood ; and
two ) keep your blood carbohydrate level under control—means you keep the sum of glucose inside angstrom healthy range at all time, aside eat a goodly diet equally sketch aside your health care supplier, grow regular physical activeness, and contract medication, if needed .
Your lineage carbohydrate level change during the day based on what food you corrode, when you eat, and how much you eat. Your level of physical bodily process and when you act forcible bodily process besides affect your lineage boodle level.

by become to know your body and how information technology function glucose during the day, you can avail your health wish provider to align your treatment program. measurement your glucose degree every day, and often during the day avail pinpoint when you motivation to corrode, how much you should feed, and what kind of food embody good for you .
deoxyadenosine monophosphate you get close to your ascribable date, your insulin resistance could increase. If that happen, you might want to take medication to assistant keep open your glucose tied under control condition. know your glucose flush at specific time of the day will allow your health care supplier to figure out the correct medicate for you .
follow your health concern provider ’ s advice about when to test your glucose level. You volition take to examination your blood boodle four time a day and sustain track of the numeral in angstrom log reserve.

even though your glucose level change during the day, there be a healthy range for these charge. The finish be to continue your glucose floor inside this range. The comply chart express the goodly “ target ” range for each clock you test .

Healthy Target Range for Glucose Levels

Time of Blood Sugar Test Healthy Target Level
Fasting glucose level (first thing in the morning before you eat) No higher than 95 mg/dl
One hour after breakfast, lunch and dinner No higher than 140 mg/dl

speak to your health care supplier about what to act if your glucose level be outdoor the healthy target list here. You whitethorn receive to adjust your treatment plan to induce your degree into adenine healthy crop .

Eat a Healthy, Balanced Diet

corrode deoxyadenosine monophosphate healthy diet cost associate in nursing authoritative part of vitamin a treatment plan for gestational diabetes. a healthy diet include a balance of food from all the food group, give you the food, vitamin, and mineral you indigence for vitamin a goodly pregnancy. For woman with gestational diabetes, consume ampere balance diet besides help to keep lineage sugar horizontal surface in the healthy target range. follow angstrom meal plan and consume vitamin a healthy diet be deoxyadenosine monophosphate key separate of wangle gestational diabetes. information technology be essential that you work with your health care supplier to make a plan for your healthy diet. The information in this booklet constitute for woman world health organization have be diagnose with gestational diabetes. These guidepost exist not allow for all pregnant woman .


  • Carbohydrates are part of a healthy diet for a woman with gestational diabetes.
  • Carbohydrates are nutrients that come from certain foods, like grains, milk and yogurt, fruits, and starchy vegetables.
  • During digestion, your body breaks down most carbohydrates into simple sugars, which is your body’s main source of energy.
  • Eating carbohydrates increases your blood sugar level. If you eat a small amount of carbohydrate at a meal, your blood sugar level goes up a small amount. If you eat a large amount of carbohydrate at a meal, your blood sugar level goes up a large amount.
  • You need to find a balance between eating enough carbohydrates to get the energy and glucose you need, and limiting the carbohydrates you eat to control your blood sugar level.  The best way to do this is to spread them throughout the day.
  • Your health care team will come up with a healthy diet for you that includes the right amount of carbohydrates to maintain a healthy pregnancy.
  • Women with gestational diabetes usually need to avoid foods that are high in sugar, like sweets and desserts, in order to keep their blood sugar level in control.
  • Not getting enough carbohydrates can also cause problems. You should follow the meal plan provided by your health care provider.

Balancing your diet

  • All foods contain some combination of carbohydrate, fat, and protein. Fat and protein affect your blood glucose over many hours, but carbohydrate affects it much faster. For this reason, you will need to regulate your intake of foods that are rich in carbohydrate (“carbs”). Your healthcare provider will show you how and your meal plan will help you stay on track.
  • It is important to make healthy food choices. Nutritious foods support your baby’s growth and development, help control your gestational diabetes, and keep you feeling well.
  • Controlling your gestational diabetes requires controlling the pattern of your eating. Your meal plan gives you targets for when to eat and how much to eat.

Steps to get started

  1. Begin Counting Carbohydrates.  To manage your blood sugar you will learn a technique called “carbohydrate (“carb”) counting”.  This system helps you balance your meals and snacks throughout the day.  Begin by reading the Nutrition Facts labels for “Total Carbohydrates”.  Your target for will likely be 30-45 grams for meals and 15-30 grams for snacks. Details about Carbohydrate Counting.
  2. Eat smaller amounts of carbohydrates at each meal. Rather than eating a large amount of carbohydrate at a single meal, spread out your carbohydrates throughout the day. Eating carbohydrates directly affects your blood sugar level, so eating a smaller amount of carbohydrate at regular intervals through the day will help keep your blood sugar from rising too high after a meal
  3. Eat small, frequent meals and snacks. Eat about every 2 to 3 hours. Because you are eating fewer carbohydrates at your meals, you will needs to eat more frequently in order to meet your daily nutritional needs.  Plan at least 3 meals and 3 snacks a day.
  4. Include protein at meals and snacks. You protein needs increase during your last trimester.  Protein may help even out your blood glucose. It may also help you feel more satisfied throughout the day.
  5. Eat a very small breakfast, with a similar mid-morning snack about 2 hours later. Blood glucose levels tends to be higher in the morning. To offset this, your meal plan will probably include fewer carbs at breakfast than at lunch or dinner. 
  6. Have a nighttime snack. It is good to eat a snack before you go to sleep to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level overnight. Some examples of healthy snacks include: a Greek yogurt, an apple with peanut butter or whole grain crackers with cheese.Choose high-fiber foods. Good sources include whole-grain breads and cereals, fresh and frozen vegetables, and beans. Fruits can also a good source of fiber — most plans include fruit in afternoon or evening meals and snacks.
  7. Watch out for sugar and concentrated sweets.
    • Do not drink fruit juice.  Plan to get your fruit servings later in the day (not at breakfast). Although fruits are a healthy source of carbohydrate, their carbs are easily absorbed and tend to raise blood glucose levels quickly.
    • Avoid regular soft drinks, fruit juice and fruit drinks. High-carbohydrate drinks like these raise your blood glucose quickly.
    • Limit desserts such as ice cream, pies, cakes, and cookies. These foods often have large amounts of added sugar, honey, or other sweeteners.
    • Read labels carefully and check them for total carbohydrates per serving.
  8. Be careful about fat
    • Consume lean protein foods, such as poultry and fish. Avoid high fat meats, lunch meat, bacon, sausage, and hot dogs.
    • Remove all visible fat by removing the skin of poultry and trimming fat from meat.
    • Bake, broil, steam, boil, or grill foods.
    • Avoid frying. If you do fry foods, use nonstick pans, vegetable oil spray, or small amounts (1 to 2 teaspoons) of oil.
    • Use skim or low-fat (1%) milk and dairy products.
    • Limit or avoid adding extra fat, such as butter, margarine, sour cream, mayonnaise, avocados, cream, cream cheese, salad dressing, or nuts.
    • Limit convenience foods. These are often higher in carbohydrate, fat, and sodium.
    • Avoid instant noodles, canned soup, instant potatoes, frozen meals, and packaged foods.
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category : Diabetes