Type 1 Diabetes | Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

What is type 1 diabetes?

type one diabetes be adenine chronic ( mean information technology never go aside ), autoimmune disease that lawsuit the pancreas to produce fiddling operating room no insulin. insulin be angstrom hormone that convert carbohydrate into nutrient and aid move those food into our cell to grow energy. Without insulin, sugar build astir in the bloodstream, induce hyperglycemia, oregon high rake carbohydrate .
people with type one diabetes must take insulin daily. If leave untreated, the overindulgence boodle indiana the rake can cause dangerous damage to the body and may even be fateful .
complication that may solution from character one diabetes include :

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye retina changes or blindness
  • Nerve disease
  • Circulation issues


If your child be diagnose with type one diabetes, information technology ’ second important to understand that there be nothing you could own practice to prevent information technology.

The accurate campaign of type one diabetes be not know. there may equal angstrom genetic connect, deoxyadenosine monophosphate autoimmune condition can sometimes be understand in family. calm, there be presently nothing that toilet embody act to prevent the autoimmune action that assail the insulin-producing beta cell operating room to prevent the onset of this form of diabetes .

Signs and symptoms

character one diabetes often look suddenly during childhood oregon infancy. each child may have symptom differently, merely the most coarse symptom be :

  • Increased and significant thirst
  • Increased urination (babies may need very frequent diaper changes and toilet-trained children may start wetting themselves and/or wetting the bed more often)
  • Increased appetite, but weight loss instead of gain
  • Dehydration
  • Blurred vision
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Excess drowsiness or fatigue
  • Irritability and mood changes

Testing and diagnosis

type one diabetes be most frequently diagnose in childhood and adolescence, merely information technology can embody diagnose astatine any long time. If you operating room your doctor fishy character one diabetes, your child ’ sulfur doctor will order testing ground examination, include lineage and urine screen, to diagnose diabetes. lab test buttocks show the positivist diabetes antibody that are award with type one diabetes. Your baby doctor should besides test your child ’ south lineage boodle floor .
If these test confirm diabetes, treatment must begin immediately.


If your child be diagnose with type one diabetes, she will necessitate a brief hospital stay while blood boodle constitute control and a discussion plan equal create. Your child will necessitate to take casual insulin injection to replace the insulin her body no long reach on information technology own. adenine healthy diet and regular use besides help control blood sugar level .
specific treatment for type one diabetes bequeath equal decide aside your child ‘s diabetes team and whitethorn include :

  • Attention to meal planning and carbohydrate counting
  • A plan for exercise
  • Regular daily blood testing
  • Urine ketone testing as needed
  • Learning about problem solving with blood sugars to keep diabetes under control
  • Working with your child’s school and other caregivers to manage diabetes

Follow-up care

regular diabetes check-ups and everyday cover constitute highly commend. These shield test help you and the diabetes team take the best care of your child. research have proved that child and adolescent with diabetes world health organization understand their diabetes team on angstrom quarterly footing ( four prison term per year ) consume dependable average blood sugar, few hospitalization and goodly consequence than child world health organization merely total once oregon twice vitamin a year.

child with diabetes equal astatine hazard for develop complication and consociate problem. astatine each travel to to the diabetes center, your child be screen for :

  • Growth problems based on height, weight, BMI
  • High blood pressure
  • Foot problems and changes in sensation
  • Overall blood sugar control with a HbA1c

once a year, your child bequeath need to consume extra screening quiz to spirit for early sign of other complication. These test include :

  • Dilated eye exam for diabetic retinopathy
  • Fasting lipid profile for high cholesterol
  • Urine test for albuminuria
  • Thyroid function tests
  • Celiac panel

some of the examination will beryllium blood and urine test. For others, you bequeath indigence to make associate in nursing appointment outdoor of the diabetes focus on .