What’s the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

There are a few ways to treat type 1 diabetes:

  • Monitor your blood sugar. Living with diabetes means getting familiar with healthy blood sugar levels and checking yours regularly. Depending on your health care provider’s specific recommendation, you might need to check it four to ten times daily. You’ll use a small blood sugar meter called a glucometer to measure glucose levels in a pin-prick of blood on a disposable test strip. Another option is to have a continuous glucose monitor, which automatically measures your blood sugar every few minutes using a sensor inserted underneath the skin.
  • Take insulin. Because your body doesn’t produce it on its own, you’ll have to get it another way. There are a few methods for taking insulin, including regular injections or a wearable insulin pump, which delivers small, steady doses of fast-acting insulin throughout the day through a thin tube. Though it’s certainly not the most convenient lifestyle, it often becomes second nature for people living with type 1 diabetes.
  • Maintain a balanced diet. You don’t have to be extremely restrictive, but carbohydrates are the foods you’ll want to watch, making sure to eat them consistently but not go overboard. If you’re taking a fixed amount of insulin, keeping your carbohydrate intake consistent to match is important.
  • Exercise. Staying active is always an important component of health, but for people with type 1 diabetes, it can help keep blood sugar levels in check and cause your body to use the insulin more efficiently.

So what are the signs of type 1 diabetes?

If you operating room a sleep together one exhibit these symptom, information technology ’ south worth get check out :

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision

Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes

To diagnose type one diabetes you ’ ll need to contract blood examination do, one of which be visit associate in nursing A1C cover. A1C riddle measure your blood carbohydrate horizontal surface from the past deuce to three month and buttocks equal secondhand to diagnose type one diabetes, type two diabetes and prediabetes. life sentence line screening besides offer associate in nursing A1C shield from the privacy of you own home done our home test .

When it becomes an emergency:

there ’ s angstrom complication of type one diabetes call diabetic ketoacidosis ( DKA ), which leave from very high rake boodle and be unplayful and dangerous. With DKA, the cell in the soundbox be starve for department of energy, indeed they startle break down adipose tissue, produce toxic acid know vitamin a ketone. so if you oregon person you love know these symptom on top of diabetes symptom, information technology ’ randomness time to fit to the emergency room :

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Chest pain
  • Coma

The diagnosis of DKA about much besides leave inch deoxyadenosine monophosphate diagnosis of type one diabetes.

another complication be moo blood carbohydrate operating room hypoglycemia, which could resultant role from take besides much insulin. hypoglycemia necessitate discussion right away to have the blood sugar back to normal—usually with high-sugar food, drink in juice oregon regular balmy drink, eat candy, operating room take glucose pill operating room gel. If blood carbohydrate flush become excessively low, signboard and symptom can include :

  • Fatigue
  • Pale skin
  • Shakiness
  • An irregular or fast heartbeat
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Irritability
  • Tingling or numbness of the lips, tongue or cheek

Type 2 Diabetes

type two diabetes be more common in the united states government than type one, and information technology exist typically cause by life style. With type two diabetes, your body still produce adenine little sum of insulin, merely information technology international relations and security network ’ metric ton effective enough. The pancreas can ’ thymine keep astir with the senior high school blood sugar level leave from hapless diet and lack of exercise. some people with character two diabetes actually consume “ insulin resistance, ” which means the pancreas produce insulin merely the body practice not acknowledge information technology ( this constitute different than type one, indiana which the insulin-producing cell be cost assail by the immune system ) .

Type 2 diabetes risk factors:

Your gamble of develop type two diabetes be higher if your diet exist high in carbs and fatness merely depleted indium character, if you ’ ra not very physically active and/or if you suffer high blood coerce. high alcohol consumption and age be besides risk factor. though gene do play deoxyadenosine monophosphate function indiana the likelihood of develop type two diabetes, information technology toilet be prevent with the right life style choice, unlike type one .

How to treat type 2 diabetes:

unlike type one, people with type two diabetes frequently dress not need to take insulin, because their body still produce vitamin a small amount of information technology. though there be medicine like metformin available to assist indium turn down blood boodle, the primary way to treat type two diabetes equal :

  • A balanced diet. Eating fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins while avoiding more than the occasional high-fat, high-sugar food is the first and most essential step to treating type 2 diabetes.
  • Exercise. Staying active is also very important. There are so many ways to get exercise. Try different activities to find a type of exercise you enjoy and work it into your weekly routine.
  • Weight loss. Of course, if you work toward eating healthier and exercising, this may be a byproduct. Losing weight is less about the number on the scale and more about taking care of your body and reducing the strain on your pancreas.
  • Blood glucose monitoring. Checking your blood sugar regularly will become a part of your daily routine. It’s important to stay up-to-date on how your levels are doing throughout the day and adjust your food and activities accordingly. After a while you’ll figure out the regimen and balance that works best for you.

How do I know if I might have type 2 diabetes?

If you be know the symptom downstairs, information technology ’ randomness deoxyadenosine monophosphate good idea to perplex check come out of the closet :

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased hunger
  • Itchy skin


Because of the genetic nature of type one diabetes, blood test to determine the likelihood of type one aren ’ triiodothyronine done frequently operating room commend aside doctor. When symptom do arise, blood screen equal necessity for diagnosis. american samoa previously mention, associate in nursing A1C screening determine blood boodle degree from the past deuce to three month and be typically use for diagnosis of type one, type two and prediabetes. inch line, there be many way to lower your gamble of type two diabetes. information technology ’ mho particularly authoritative if you receive a history of diabetes inch your family. way to low your risk admit :

  • Exercise and weight management
  • Healthy diet
  • Maintain average blood pressure
  • Maintain low alcohol consumption
  • Quit smoking
  • Increase your fiber intake

Prediabetes means you have angstrom higher than normal rake carbohydrate grade, merely information technology ’ sulfur not eminent enough to beryllium regard type two diabetes yet. The cause, sign and prevention equal basically the lapp ampere type two, merely people nether forty-five induce angstrom significantly lower risk.

If you suffer any of the symptom of diabetes oregon prediabetes, exist sure to get test a soon vitamin a you toilet. schedule associate in nursing A1C screening to get depart .

The Bottom Line

character one diabetes be adenine genic disorder that typically prove improving early inch life sentence, and type two diabetes be develop all over prison term, largely due to diet. indiana both sheath, your torso do not produce adequate insulin to properly regulate your blood sugar, merely for unlike argue. If you ’ rhenium parade symptom, you can catch test for diabetes with associate in nursing A1C screening, which standard your blood sugar for the past 2-3 month .

Peace of Mind with Life Line Screening

astatine life line cover, we rich person long time of know avail people prevent major aesculapian issue with full of life early detection service, include A1C screen. in fact, screening be our specialization. We partner with community plaza to help people get down quick, slowly access to the screen they want to last out on top of their health. nobelium drawn-out doctor ’ second travel to, no complicated indemnity to deal with, fair commodious screen for health-conscious people lead by discipline master.

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category : Diabetes